Public health

Public health is the detail science of  safeguarding and improving the health of people and their communities. This can be achieved by promoting healthy lifestyle, decreasing disease and injury reduction, and detecting, preventing and responding to infectious diseases. The Total Public health relates with protecting the health of entire populations. These populations/communities can be of small as a local neighborhood, or of big as an entire country or region of the world. Public health also works to limit health related disparities. The primary part of public health is promoting healthcare equity, quality and accessibility.

Thus reducing the impact and prevalence of the oncoming health disparities. Research studies in science and medicine in developed countries, including the generation of vaccines and antibiotics have been very important in bringing vital improvements of Public Health.

Related Societies:
Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (CSPS) | Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Canada (PMAC) | American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) | The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA) | Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (APS) | Korean Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association (KRPIA)

 

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Microbiology

Pharmaceutical biotechnology has become one of the major disciplines for drug discovery and development. Today the shape and vision of pharmaceutical aspects and challenges have completely changed, and the word Pharma can also be accepted as a synonym for integrated life science approaches, knowing from genetics to molecular biology, with the common aspect of delivering the suitable drug to the patient by biotechnological techniques.

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology underlines on the wide spread dispersal of latest developments in biotechnological tools and techniques and evolution of novel pharmaceutical drugs. Pharmaceutical biotechnological research includes studies on the applications of r-DNA technology, Microbiology, genomics, proteomics and industrial biotechnology.

Related Societies:
International Pharmaceutical Expedient Council | Biotech Industry Association (BIO) | Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) | Chinese Biopharmaceutical Association | Pharma & Biopharma Outsourcing Association (PBOA) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical sciences in a science of Pharmaceutical products that mainly focuses on Drug development, Drug design, delivery and manufacturing by integrating the principles of Chemistry, Biology, Engineering and related fields. Pharmacy is the science with the utilities of making drugs. It is a health related field that links medical sciences   and aims to ensure the safe and productive use of pharmaceutical drugs. Pharmacy specialist study on the drug therapy and focus on the primary health and enhance the use of medication for the benefit of the patients. Pharmaceutical Sciences focuses on the basic principles of Inorganic & Organic chemistry, Engineering, Bio-chemistry, and Biological sciences to understand the novel techniques of drug delivery to the body and translate the integrated understanding into novel and innovative therapies against human diseases and disorders.

Related Societies:
Pharmaceutical Association of Malaysia | Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines | China Pharmaceutical Innovation & Research Development Association | Korean Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association | Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India

Pharmocological studies

Pharmacology is the investigation of the biochemical and physiological impacts of active ingredients on people. The different aspects of pharmacological sciences are Behavioral pharmacology, Medical Pharmacology, Cardiovascular pharmacology, Endocrine pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology, Urogenital pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics, Neuro Pharmacology, Immune pharmacology, Cognitive models of the mind, Neural models of memory, Functional methods of the cerebrum, Neuropsychology, Cognitive neuroscience and neurosystems.

Pharmacology connects with the heart of biomedical science, linking together chemistry, physiology and pathology. Pharmacologists work closely with a wide variety of other disciplines that make up modern biomedical science, including neuroscience, Cell and Molecular biology, immunology and Cancer biology.

Related Societies:
Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association | Korea Pharmaceutical and Bio-Pharma Manufacturers Association | Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Association | R&D-based Pharmaceutical Association Committee | Singapore Association of Pharmaceutical Industries

Clinical Trials and Clinical Research

Clinical trials are research studies performed in people that are aimed at knowing the medical, surgical, or behavioral modulations. They are the primary way that researchers find out if a new treatment like a new drug or medical devices are effective in people. Often a clinical trial is used to learn if a new treatment is more effective or has less harmful side effects than the standard usual treatment. Clinical trials are different types of trials, the goals of phase 1, phase 2, phase 3, and phase 4 trials, and how clinical trials are trending advances in novel targeted immunotherapy so that sometimes an early phase of clinical trial may be the best option for survival. These trails are conducted to collect data regarding the safety and efficacy of new drug and device development. There are several phases of approval in the clinical trials process before a drug or related drug equipments can be sold or made available to the market. For a Clinical Research study to begin, scientists conduct laboratory tests and experimental studies in animals to test a potential therapy’s effectiveness and safety.

Related Societies:
Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association | Korea Pharmaceutical and Bio-Pharma Manufacturers Association | Korean Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association | Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India

Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology

Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology deals with the complete factors like synthesis, characterization and pharmaceutical application of materials at the nanoscale. Dealing with the synthesis, exhaustive characterization, biological evaluations, clinical testing and toxicological assessment of nanomaterials are of special focus. It aims to demonstrate the in vivo impact of any Nano technological intervention. As reducing a material to the nanoscale and can fundamentally alter the materials properties of the sources. The field of Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology is emerging in new characterization techniques and the advanced properties that originate from this size reduction. Both bottom up and top down approaches to the realization of nanomaterials lie within the scope of the field. Pharma Nanotechnology deals with the applications of Nano-science to Pharma as nanomaterials, and devices like drug delivery, diagnostic, imaging and biosensor.

Related Societies:
Pharmaceutical Association of Malaysia | Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines | China Pharmaceutical Innovation & Research Development Association | Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Association | R&D-based Pharmaceutical Association Committee | Singapore Association of Pharmaceutical Industries

Drug Theraphy of Neurodegenarative disorders

Drug Therapy or Pharmacotherapy provides comprehensive coverage of present drug therapy in neurological studies while providing the background information that neurologists and other clinicians need to understand its effects. As known there are many sources of drug information most are limited to basic information about indications, intake and side effects. However, the complexity of the nervous system is enormous and information needed to understand drug effects is accordingly often not readily available in a single source.

The Principles of drug therapy in neural studies provides information on how the basic pharmacology concepts such as pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics relate to therapy in neurology. Sleep, central nervous system infections and HIV, and drug intoxications. Areas of special interest to child neurologists include treatment of genetic metabolic disorders and effect of stimulants and other medications for childhood cognitive disorders.

Related Societies:
International Pharmaceutical Expedient Council | Biotech Industry Association (BIO) | Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) | Chinese Biopharmaceutical Association | Pharma & Biopharma Outsourcing Association (PBOA) | SAFE-Biopharma Association | Bio Pharma Societies in Europe| European Federation of Biotechnology

Biopharmaceutics

Biopharmaceutics examines the inter relationship of the physical/chemical properties of the drug, the dosage form i.e., drug  in which the drug is given, and the route of administration on the rate and extent of systemic drug absorption. It covers topics like Biopharmaceutical Technology, Therapeutic Biologics, Biologics Manufacturing, Pharmaceutical Packaging, Bioequivalence studies. Biopharmaceuticals can also be described as medical drugs that are prepares by using biotechnology. Micro-array Technology can be defined as a high throughput and versatile technology used for parallel gene expression analysis for ‘n’ number of genes of known and unknown function, or DNA homology analysis for finding polymorphisms and mutations in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomic DNA.

Related Societies:
Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (CSPS) | Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Canada (PMAC) | American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

Pharmacology and Toxicology

The Term Pharmacology deals with the properties and effects on Drugs, and in a broad sense, it can be defined as the study of interactions between Chemical substances and biological systems. The boundaries of Pharmacology extend to the new fields like Pharmaco genomics, metabolic, Pharmaco epidemiology, and Pharmaco economics.

Toxicology is the science of Poisons and Poisoning. Toxicology may be viewed as the special extension of Pharmacology but has developed into a separate discipline. Forensic and Environment medicine also require the knowledge of Toxicology with special training in Drug Identification and poison control.

Related Societies:
Italian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (SISF) | Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) | International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) | The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA) | Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (APS) | Korean Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association (KRPIA)

Medicinal Chemistry and Drug discovery

Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Discovery is a science highlighting all fields ranging from target discovery to preclinical studies. Areas of particular interests include target discovery and validation, drug design, virtual screening, molecular modeling, drug receptor reactions; organic synthesis of bioactive compounds, natural products chemistry, bioassay method development, molecular insights to drug action and metabolism, Pro Drug synthesis and drug targeting.

Medicinal Chemistry is specially relates to synthetic organic chemistry and pharmacological studies and different other organic qualities where they are included with a plan, substance mix and advancement for a market of pharmaceutical operators or a Biodynamic particles also termed as Pharmaceutical Chemistry. The medicinal Chemistry also deals with hydrocarbons which is considered as one of the important factor of Pharmaceutical Studies.

Related Societies:
Kuwait Pharmaceutical Association (KPA) | Indian Pharmaceutical Association (IPA) | The Hong Kong Association of the Pharmaceutical Industry | International Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Group | International Research-based Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association | Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association

 

 

Advanced Nanomedicine

Nano medicine is a branch of medicine that reveals thee knowledge and tools of Nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of a disease. Nano medicine involves the use of nanoscale materials (Micro materials), such as biocompatible nanoparticles and Nano robots, for diagnosis, delivery, sensing or activating purposes in an Organism.

Today Nano medicines are used widely to improve the treatments and lives of patients suffering with a wide range of disorders including neural and breast cancer, Nephrology disease, biological infections, Strokes, menopausal symptoms, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, asthma and emphysema. The Nano medicines available in the market for the common people are fighting some of the difficulties experienced by normal medical approaches in delivering the benefit from the drug molecules used. In some cases, the drugs have very little dissolving power in water and the human body or host factor struggles to absorb enough to treat the condition. 

Related Societies:
Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India | Pharmaceutical Association of Malaysia | Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines | China Pharmaceutical Innovation & Research Development Association |Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Association | R&D-based Pharmaceutical Association Committee | Singapore Association of Pharmaceutical Industries

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacokinetics aims at the detailed study of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion in the body. PK can be Simply defined as what the body does to a drug. Pharmacokinetics is mainly concerned with the analysis of concentration and rate of drug availability to the required receptor site.  Pharmacokinetic studies are not usually limited to the parent drug molecule itself, but also identified metabolites, whether of active or inactive sites. Pharmacokinetics is referred to the movement of drugs throughout the body, whereas Pharmacodynamics is referred to the body’s biological response to drugs. Understanding the exposure-response relationship is key to the development and approval of every drug. Disorders that go with pharmacodynamic responses include genetic mutations, thyrotoxicosis, Nutrition deficiency, myasthenia gravis, Parkinson, and traceable forms of insulin resistant diabetes. These disorders can change receptor binding sites, alter the level of binding proteins, or decrease receptor sensitivity.

Related Societies:
International Biopharmaceutical Association | Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA) | Generic Pharmaceutical Association (GPhA) | International Pharmaceutical Expedient Council | Biotech Industry Association (BIO) | Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) | Chinese Biopharmaceutical Association | Pharma & Biopharma Outsourcing Association (PBOA) | SAFE-Biopharma Association | Bio Pharma Societies in Europe| European Federation of Biotechnology

Bioavailability and Bioequivalence

Bioavailability and Bioequivalence in Pharmacology is a stage to have all the logical prominent over the globe. In pharmacology, bioavailability (BA) is a subcategory of ingestion and is the piece of an oversaw estimation of unaltered prescription that accomplishes the fundamental stream, one of the imperative pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. Bioavailability is one of the significant mechanical assemblies in pharmacokinetics, as bioavailability must be considered when figuring dosages for non-intravenous courses of association.

Bioequivalence is widely discussed in relation with generic medicines, it is important to note that bioequivalence studies are also performed for advanced medicines. These studies are a surrogate marker for clinical impacts and safety data as it would not normally be practical to repeat clinical studies for generic products.

Related Societies:
Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (CSPS) | Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Canada (PMAC) | American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

Cancer Pharmacology

Cancer pharmacology include studies of the basic mechanisms of signal transduction integrated with cell proliferation and apoptosis, the mechanisms of action of anti-neoplastic factors, the design and discovery of new drugs, basic mechanisms of DNA repair and DNA damage tolerance and advancements of novel strategies for gene therapy.  Based upon a greater understanding of the molecular aspects of cancer, new opportunities for therapeutic discoveries have outcome that are effectively target site orientated. Advanced therapeutics like these are quite distinct from the usual chemotherapeutic agents and they offer the prospect of truly selective cancer therapies that are in sighted towards the individual patient's tumor cells. Cancer pharmacology plays a crucial role in drug development. In both the laboratory and clinics, these studies have to overtake the changing face of drug development by profound experimental models and target orientated approaches.

Related Societies:
Italian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (SISF) | Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) | International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) | The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA) | Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (APS) | Korean Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association (KRPIA)

Immunotherapy and Vaccines in Drug delivery

Immunotherapy is also called Biologic therapy. It is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body's natural defenses to fight against cancer. It uses substances made within the body or in a laboratory to improve/ restore immune system function. They provide active and passive immunity. Immunotherapy is the action that uses certain parts of a person’s immune system to fight diseases like cancer.

Vaccines are mainly composed of killed or attenuated organisms or subunits of organisms like DNA encoding antigenic proteins of pathogens. Other Sub-unit vaccines though in exception are selective and specific in reacting with antibodies often fail to show reactions in circumstances such as shifts in epitopic identification center of antibody and are poorly immunogenic.

Related Societies:
Italian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (SISF) | Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) | International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

 

 

Industrial Pharmacy and Pharmacognosy

The workmanship or routine utilization of herbs and home grown herbs keep up wellbeing, avert, lighten and cure infection. The eventual fate of drug store Herbal arrangements and phyto medicinal are progressively being utilized by people in general as self-chose OTC items for remedial or precaution purposes. Home grown pharmaceutical is as old as mankind and has truly been supported by shamans, savvy ladies and healers. Huge measures of experimental data have been gathered to shape an amorphous arrangement of home grown solution making and Industrial revolution.

Pharmacognosy and natural products play a very important role in health care and prevention of diseases through homeopathic or similar treatments since years together. Approximately for about 70% of the supply of herbal raw materials for Ayurveda and other homeopathic medicines in India comes from the wild.

Related Societies:
SAFE-Biopharma Association | Bio Pharma Societies in Europe| European Federation of Biotechnology| Pharma & Biopharma Outsourcing Association (PBOA) | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

 

Future of Pharma R&D

The Pharmaceutical industry has now entered an era of significant uncertainty and transition characterized by higher R&D costs, depleted pipelines and financial restriction to perform innovative research. The global credit crunch exacerbates all this with more and more layoffs and research budget cuts; but major crisis can sometimes produce major opportunities. New business models such as open innovation may help solve the pharmaceutical productivity paradox through the sharing of risk, cost and intellectual property through R&D. Pharmaceutical and Biotech companies must continually innovate in their R&D programmers’ to stay ahead in a highly challenging economic and technological environment. Research & Development is essential in all industries. And, when it arises to the Biopharmaceutical research industry, R&D services not only generates income for the companies involved in the research but they often bring results in lives being set aside and at least enhancement in patient's lives.

Related Societies:
International Pharmaceutical Expedient Council | Biotech Industry Association (BIO) | Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) | Chinese Biopharmaceutical Association | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

 

Pharmaceutical Business management

Pharmaceutical Business Management is a program of Pharmaceutical science and technology with various business strategies and regulatory issues pertaining to pharmaceutical Industries. Pharma business includes sales, marketing, administration, contracting within the drug R&D and manufacturing industry. This change enquires a new skill set including marketing, organizational behavior, public relations, and industry sector knowledge. Above all clinicians and researchers, management, sales and marketing teams play crucial roles in the pharma industry making effortless contributions to operations and successful outcomes. The Pharmaceutical Business can give a competitive advantage. The pharmaceutical industry is dynamic and constantly changing. It needs smart, well-planned individuals with great knowledge in business, science, and technology to effectively compete the world.

Related Societies:
Kuwait Pharmaceutical Association (KPA) | Indian Pharmaceutical Association (IPA) | The Hong Kong Association of the Pharmaceutical Industry | Pharma & Biopharma Outsourcing Association (PBOA) | SAFE-Biopharma Association | Bio Pharma Societies in Europe| European Federation of Biotechnology

 

Regulatory Affairs and Intellectual Property Rights

Regulatory Affairs relates a very specific definition within the healthcare industries. Its regulations are for systematic manufacturing and marketing of safe, efficacious and qualitative drugs. Improving new regulations and adapting to the technology regulatory affairs set new goals and challenges to the pharmaceutical formulation. The Pharma Industry 2019 deals with an increasing number of drug candidates all of which relate the involvement of the quality assurance in regulatory affairs department. Drug regulations and organizations, Global pharma products registration, Intellectual property law for generics and innovator rights, Safety and quality regulation in labelling.

Related Societies:
Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Association | R&D-based Pharmaceutical Association Committee | Singapore Association of Pharmaceutical Industries| American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) | American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHYP) | Belgian Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BGFW) | European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS)

Nanomedicine in Theranostics

Theranostics is one of the emerging concepts involving the integration of diagnosis and therapy in a single platform using nanomaterials. Nanomedicine formulations aim to improve the biodistribution and the target site accumulation of systemically administered therapeutic agents (Chemo). Several types of nano medicines have been checked for years, including for instance micelles liposomes, polymers and antibodies, and a significant amount of evidence has been obtained showing that these sub micrometer sized carrier materials are able to improve the balance between the toxicity and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Paralleled by advances in nanotechnology, Chemistry, Biology, Pharmacy, medicine and imaging and several different systems have been developed in the last decade in which therapy and disease diagnosis are combined. These theranostics (nano) contain both a drug and an imaging agent within a single formulation, and can be used for various different purposes. Theranostic nanomedicines are highly suitable systems for monitoring drug efficacy, drug release and drug delivery.